Natural forests are under threat of deforestation and forest degradation, leading to significant carbon emissions, loss of biodiversity and livelihoods of indigenous communities, and other adverse sustainability impacts. International financial banking regulation generally does not recognize environmental and social risks including those from deforestation as material risks to financial stability. However, over the past ten years sustainable banking initiatives by national policymakers and regulators have emerged. These initiatives can support the commercial banking sector in mitigating deforestation risk while enabling sustainable economic development. This report describes a framework for sustainable banking initiatives and profiles three pioneers of sustainable banking regulation and implementation.